Timeline

A Driving Force Timeline

  1. Eveline Marie Alexander (1821-1906)

    1821

    Lady Eveline Marie Alexander, artist, b.1821, Nantes, France (d.1906 Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England).

  1. Clémence van den Broeck (1843-1922)

    1843

    Clémence van den Broeck, artist, b. 1843, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, Belgium (d.1922, Ukkel, Belguim).

  1. Mildred Peel (1856-1920)

    1856

    Mildred Peel, artist, b.1856, London, Ontario (d.1920, Santa Barbara, California).

  2. Mary Ella Dignam (1857-1938)

    1857

    Mary Ella Dignam, artist, b.1857, Port Burwell, Ontario (d.1938, Toronto, Ontario).

  3. Caroline Farncomb (1859-1951)

    1859

    Caroline Farncomb, artist, b.1859, Newcastle, Ontario (d.1951, London, Ontario).

  1. Florence Carlyle (1864-1923)

    1864

    Florence Carlyle, artist, b.1864, Galt, Ontario (d.1923, Crowborough, Sussex, England).

  2. Grace Blackburn (1865-1928)

    1865

    Victoria Grace Blackburn, art supporter, journalist, writer, and educator, b.1865, Quebec (d.1928, London, Ontario).

  3. CANADA: Dr. Emily Stowe, The First Woman to Practice Medicine in Canada

    1867

    After earning her degree from the New York Medical College for Women, Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman to practice medicine in Canada. She receives her medical license in 1880.

  4. CANADA: Confederation

    1867
  1. Wilhelmina McIntosh (1871-1940)

    1871

    Wilhelmina Morris McIntosh, art supporter and collector, b. circa 1871, Euphemia Township, Lambton County (d.1940, London, Ontario).

  2. Eva Bradshaw (1871-1938)

    1871

    Eva Bradshaw, artist and educator, b.1871, London, Ontario (d.1938, London, Ontario).

  3. The Ontario Society of Artists is Formed

    1872
  4. CANADA: Esther Westmacott, the First Female Artist to Become a Member of the Ontario Society of Artists

    1874

    Esther Westmacott is the first female artist to become a member of the Ontario Society of Artists.

  5. CANADA: Dr. Jennie Trout, The First Canadian Woman to Become a Licensed Physician

    1875

    Dr. Jennie Trout (1841-1921) graduates from the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. After passing the registration exam in Ontario that same year, she becomes the first female licensed physician in Canada.

  6. Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934)

    1878

    Elsie Perrin Williams, b.1878, London, Ontario (d.1934, London, Ontario).

  7. CANADA: The Founding of the University of Western Ontario (Western University)

    1878

    Western University was founded as the Western University of London Ontario in 1878, and was renamed the University of Western Ontario in 1923. In 2012, the university became known as “Western University,” although its legal name is still “The University of Western Ontario.”

  1. CANADA: Charlotte Schreiber, the First Female Artist to be Elected an Academician of the Royal Academy (RCA)

    1880

    Charlotte Schreiber (1834-1922), a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, is the first female artist to be elected to academician status (RCA). It would be over 50 years until the next woman, Marion Long (1882-1970), reached the same level in 1933.

  2. CANADA: The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts is Formed

    1880

    The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, one of Canada’s most respected art associations, is formed. The academy had two levels of membership, Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (ACRA) and Royal Canadian Academician (RCA). Each level was reached by election.

  3. CANADA: Frances Jones Bannerman, the First Female Artist to be Elected an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (ARCA)

    1882

    Frances Bannerman (1855-1940) becomes the first female artist elected an associate member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (ACRA). She would not reach the level of academician (RCA). Bannerman was also the first woman elected to the academy in any capacity after founding member Charlotte Schreiber.

  4. Euphemia Woolverton (1882-1959)

    1882

    Euphemia “Effie” Woolverton, artist, b.1882, London, Ontario (d.1959, London, Ontario).

  5. CANADA: Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen, The First Woman to Receive a Medical Degree from a Canadian University

    1883

    Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen (the daughter of Dr. Emily Stowe) becomes the first woman to receive a medical degree from a Canadian university when she graduates from the Toronto School of Medicine, Victoria College.

  6. Mary Healey (1885-1923)

    1885

    Mary Healey, artist, b.1885, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England (d.1923, London, Ontario).

  7. Kate Taylor Cumming (1889-1971)

    1889

    Kate Taylor Cumming, artist, b.1889, Ingersoll, Ontario (d.1971, London, Ontario).

  1. Dorothy (Betts) Seely-Smith (1890-1961)

    1890

    Dorothy (Betts) Seely-Smith, artist, b.1890, London, Ontario (d.1961, Victoria, British Columbia).

  2. CANADA: Mary Ella Dignam Establishes the Women's Art Club (Toronto)

    1890

    Mary Ella Dignam formally establishes the Women’s Art Club (of Toronto). The club developed from a smaller group formed in 1886.  It would become the Women’s Art Association of Canada in 1892.

  3. LONDON, ONTARIO: The Women's Art Club of London is Formed

    1892

    The Women’s Art Club of London was founded in 1892 or 1893. The club was a branch of the Woman’s Art Association of Canada (WAAC) from 1894 to 1896, when it became a separate organization known as the WAC of London. The WAC was active until World War One.

     

  4. CANADA: The Women's Art Club becomes the Women’s Art Association of Canada

    1892

    The Women’s Art Club (of Toronto), founded by Mary Ella Dignam in 1890, is incorporated under its new name, the Women’s Art Association of Canada (WAAC).

  1. WORLD: Mary Ella Dignam Organizes an International Exhibition of Women's Art

    1900

    Mary Ella Dignam was among the coordinators of the first significant exhibition of the Women International Art Club (WIAC). Two hundred and thirty-five (235) works, all by women artists, were showcased.

  2. CANADA: Emma Sophia Baker, The First Woman to Earn a Ph.D at a Canadian University

    1903

    Psychologist Emma Sophia Baker (1856-1943) graduates from the University of Toronto with a Ph.D in Philosophy, becoming the first woman to earn a Ph.D. from a Canadian University, and the first person to receive a Ph.D in Philosophy from the University of Toronto.

  3. Lenore Crawford (1909-1983)

    1909

    Lenore Crawford, art critic, b. 909, London, Ontario (d. 1983, London, Ontario).

  1. Silvia Clarke (1911-1994)

    1911

    Silvia Clarke, artist, b.1911, Cavendish, Suffolk, England (d.1994, London, Ontario).

  2. LONDON, ONTARIO: London's First Art Gallery

    1912

    London, Ontario’s first art gallery opens in September 1912 in Queen’s Park. This gallery only operated in the summer months due to a lack of heating.

  3. Josephine Wilcox (1913-2010)

    1913

    Josephine Wilcox, artist, b,1913, Strathroy?, Ontario (d.2010, London, Ontario).

  4. Marjorie Blackburn (1913-1993)

    1913

    Marjorie Blackburn, art supporter, b.1913, Strathroy, Ontario (d.1993 London, Ontario).

  5. Irene Dewdney (1914-1999)

    1914

    Irene Dewdey, art supporter and art therapist, b.1914, Medicine Hat, Alberta (d.1999, London, Ontario)

  6. WORLD: World War One Begins

    1914

    World War One (1914-1918) begins.

  7. Doris Murray (1916-1984)

    1916

    Doris Murray, artist, b.1916, Princeton, New Jersey (d.1984, London, Ontario).

  8. Kathleen Hart (1916-2012)

    1916

    Kathleen Hart Ellis, artist, b.1916, Byron, Ontario (d.2012, Strathroy, Ontario).

  9. WORLD: World War One Ends

    1918

    World War One (1914-1918) ends.

  1. Charlotte Brainerd (1921-1995)

    1921

    Charlotte Brainerd, artist, b.1921, Rice Lake, Wisconsin (d.1995, Victoria, British Columbia).

  2. Anne Marsh Evans (1923-2015)

    1923

    Anne Marsh Evans, artist, b.1923, Nottingham, England (d.2015, Meaford, Ontario).

  3. Doreen Curry (1924-2017)

    1924

    Doreen Curry, art supporter, collector, and donor, b.1924, Orangeville, Ontario, (d.2017, London, Ontario)

  4. Shirley Brickenden (1924-2018)

    1924

    Shirley Brickenden, artist, b.1924, Montreal, Quebec (d.2018, Toronto, Ontario).

  5. Beryl Ivey (1924-2007)

    1924

    Beryl Ivey, art supporter and donor, b.1924, Chatham, Ontario (d.2007, Toronto, Ontario).

  6. Rae Davis (1927-2006)

    1927

    Rae Davis, artist, b.1927, Plainfield, New Jersey (d.2006, Toronto, Ontario).

  7. Anna P. Baker (1928-1985)

    1928

    Anna P. Baker, artist, b.1928, London, Ontario (d.1985, Kingston, Ontario).

  8. Paddy Gunn O'Brien (1929-2012)

    1929

    Paddy (Patricia) Gunn O’Brien, artist, b. 1929, Carshalton, England (d.2012, London, Ontario).

  9. Margot Ariss (1929-2013)

    1929

    Margot Ariss, artist, b.1929, Belleville, Ontario (d.2013 London, Ontario).

  1. Nancy Geddes Poole (b.1930)

    1930

    Nancy Geddes Poole, art supporter, art dealer, gallery administrator, volunteer, and donor, b.1930, London, Ontario.

  2. Eve Apostoll (1931-1995)

    1931

    Eve Apostoll, artist and educator, b.1931, Detroit, Michigan (d.1995, London, Ontario).

  3. CANADA: Marion Long, the Second Female Artist to be Elected an Academician of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA)

    1933

    Marion Long (1882-1970) becomes the second female artist elected an academician of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA). She had been elected an associate member (ACRA) in 1922.

  4. Sue Boone (b.1934)

    1934

    Sue Boone, artist, b.1934, London, Ontario.

  5. Gillian Saward (1934-1983)

    1934

    Gillian Saward, artist, b.1934, Maidstone, England (d.1983, Toronto, Ontario).

  6. Bernice Vincent (1934-2016)

    1934

    Bernice Vincent, artist, b.1934, Woodstock, Ontario (d.2016, London, Ontario).

  7. Doreen Lindsay (b.1934)

    1934

    Doreen Lindsay, artist, educator, and curator, b.1934, Tillsonburg, Ontario.

  8. WORLD: World War Two Begins

    1939

    World War Two (1939-1945) begins.

  1. LONDON, ONTARIO: London First Permanent Art Gallery

    1940

    Built using funds from a bequest by Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934), the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum (the old Central Library at 305 Queen’s Avenue) opens. The building was London, Ontario’s first permanent art gallery space.

  2. Elsie P. Williams: London Library and Art Gallery

    1940

    Funds from a bequest by Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934) are used to build the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum (The old Central Library at 305 Queen’s Avenue), London, Ontario’s first permanent art gallery.

     

     

  3. Thelma Rosner (b.1941)

    1941

    Thelma Rosner, artist and educator, b.1941, Toronto, Ontario.

  4. Madeline Lennon (b.1942)

    1942

    Madeline Lennon, art supporter, educator, author, and curator, b.1942, New York, New York.

  5. LONDON, ONTARIO: McIntosh Gallery Opens

    1942

    The McIntosh Gallery was the first art gallery to be established in a Canadian university. The building was officially opened on June 26, 1942 with a display of 31 paintings by Canadian war artists from the collection of the National Gallery of Canada. The gallery was built with a substantial bequest from the Estate of Wilhelmina Morris McIntosh in the memory of her husband,  J. Gordon McIntosh. a former Winnipeg businessman.

  6. Flora Tripp (1943-2015)

    1943

    Flora Tripp, art supporter, collector, and donor, b.1943, Ottawa, Ontario (d.2015, London, Ontario).

  7. Johnnene Maddison (b.1943)

    1943

    Johnnene Maddison, artist, educator, and curator, b.1943, Detroit, Michigan.

  8. Agneta Dolman (b.1944)

    1944

    Agneta Dolman, artist and educator, b.1944, Stockholm, Sweden.

  9. WORLD: World War Two Ends

    1945

    World War Two (1939-1945) ends.

  10. Brenda MacEachern (1948-2012)

    1948

    Brenda MacEachern, art supporter and visual resources curator, b.1948, Toronto, Ontario (d.2012, London, Ontario).

  11. Jamelie Hassan (b.1948)

    1948

    Jamelie Hassan, artist, b.1948, London, Ontario.

  12. kerry ferris (1949-2016)

    1949

    kerry ferris, artist, b.1949, London, Ontario (d.2016, London, Ontario).

  13. Margaret Rossiter (b.1949)

    1949

    Margaret Rossiter, artist, b.1949. London, Ontario.

  14. Catherine Morrisey (b.1949)

    1949

    Catherine Morrisey, artist, b.1949, Brampton, Ontario.

  1. Wanda Sawicki (b.1951)

    1951

    Wanda Sawicki, artist, writer, and art therapist, b.1951, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

  2. Colette Urban (1952-2013)

    1952

    Colette Urban, artist, b.1952, Denver, Colorado (d.2013, McIvers, Newfoundland).

  3. Sophie Skaith (b.1952)

    1952

    Sophie Skaith, art supporter, b.1952, Toronto, Ontario.

  4. Rosemary Sloot (b.1952)

    1952

    Rosemary Sloot, artist, b.1952, Simcoe, Ontario.

  5. Fern Helfand (b.1952)

    1952

    Fern Helfand, artist, b.1952, Toronto, Ontario.

  6. Lynn Donoghue (1953-2003)

    1953

    Lynn Donoghue, artist, b.1953, Red Lake, Ontario (d.2003, Toronto, Ontario).

  7. Kirtley Jarvis (b.1953)

    1953

    Kirtley Jarvis, artist, b.1953, Balmertown, Ontario.

  8. Shelley Niro (b.1954)

    1954

    Shelley Niro, artist, b.1954, Niagara Falls, New York.

  9. dlmorrow (b.1956)

    1956

    dlmorrow (Diane Lynn Morrow), artist, b.1956, Toronto, Ontario.

  10. Josy Britton (b.1956)

    1956

    Josy Britton, artist, b.1956.

  11. Jan Shepherd McKee (b.1956)

    1956

    Jan Shepherd McKee, artist, b.1956.

  12. LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Art Gallery Establishes a Women's Committee

    1956

    Eleanor Somerville and Josephine Wilcox organized and launched the London Art Gallery’s Women’s Committee. Among the initial 20 members were Flora Douglas (“Dougie”) Betts, Shirley Brickenden, Lenore Crawford, Mackie Cryderman, Nancy Geddes Poole, and Elizabeth “Woody” Moore.

     

  13. Sara Hartland-Rowe (b.1958)

    1958

    Sara Hartland-Rowe, artist, b.1958.

  14. Donna Andreychuk (b.1959)

    1959

    Donna Andreychuk, artist, b.1959, Kenilworth, Ontario.

  1. Kelly Greene (b.1962)

    1962

    Kelly Greene, artist, b.1962, Buffalo, New York.

  2. Kelly Wood (b.1962)

    1962

    Kelly Wood, artist and educator, b.1962 Toronto, Ontario.

  3. Tracy Root (b.1964)

    1964

    Tracy Root, artist, b.1964, Shropshire, England.

  4. LONDON, ONTARIO: The 20/20 Gallery Opens

    1966

    The 20/20 Gallery, a privately run, not-for-profit art gallery in London, Ontario opens. The founding members were Greg Curnoe, Jack Chambers, George Cole, John Davis, Rae Davis, Murray Favro, Hugh MacPherson, Geoffery Rans, Goldie Rans, Gerald Trottier, and Dr. Ross Woodman. The gallery, which exhibited art of many disciplines, including paintings, theatre, poetry, dance, film, and music, operated until 1970.

     

     

     

  5. CANADA: Jean Sutherland Boggs, The First Female Director of a National Art Gallery

    1966

    Jean Sutherland Boggs (1922-2014) is named Director of the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, and becomes the first woman globally to achieve such a position.

  6. Melanie Townsend (1968-2018)

    1968

    Melanie Townsend, curator, b.1968, Windsor, Ontario (d.2018, London, Ontario).

  7. Anna P. Baker: Western University's Alumni Association Holds Its First Solo Art Exhibition

    1968

    Anna P. Baker’s work is showcased in the Western University Alumni Association’s first art exhibition to focus on a single artist.

  8. Jill Price (b.1969)

    1969

    Jill Price, artist, curator, and educator, b. 1969, Toronto, Ontario.

  1. LONDON, ONTARIO: The 20/20 Gallery Closes

    1970

    London’s 20/20 Gallery, which opened in 1966, closes.

  2. CANADA: Joyce Wieland, The National Gallery of Canada Holds its First Solo Art Exhibition of Work by a Living Female Canadian Artist

    1971

    Joyce Wieland’s (1931-1998) 1971 exhibition is the first solo exhibition featuring the work of a living female Canadian artist to be held at the National Gallery of Canada.

  3. LONDON, ONTARIO: London Holds its First Exhibition to Feature Only Work by Women Artists

    1975

    In recognition of International Women’s Year (as 1975 was declared by the United Nations), London, Ontario holds an exhibition in the City Centre featuring only the work of women artists. Eighteen (18) local artists were represented: Margot Ariss, Bonnie Bauman, Beckie Burke, Sylvia Christie, Raimonde Demopoulos, Lynn Donaghue, Guérite Fera, kerry ferris, Jamelie Hassan, Dorene Inglis, Connie Jefferess, Jeanine Lodge, Verne Lougheed. Diane Robinson, Vivian L. Sturdee, Bernice Vincent, Carole Wright, and Marcia Ruiz Wilson.

  4. Kim Neudorf (b.1977)

    1977

    Kim Neudorf, artist, b.1977, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

  1. LONDON, ONTARIO: London Regional Art Gallery is Established

    1980

    London’s art gallery shifts from its original location at the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Building (the old Central Library) to a new location at the Forks of the Thames River (421 Ridout Street North), and becomes known as the London Regional Art Gallery (LRAG).

     

  2. Angie Quick (b.1989)

    1989

    Angie Quick, artist, b. 1989.

  3. LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Regional Art and Historical Museums

    1989

    The London Public Library’s museum division and the London Regional Art Gallery combine, forming the London Regional Art and Historical Museums (LRAHM).

     

  1. LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Regional Art Gallery and Historical Museums becomes Museum London

    2001

    The London Regional Art and Historical Museums (LRAHM) changes its name to Museum London.

  2. LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Central Library moves from the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Building

    2002

    The Central branch of the London Public Library relocates from the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum building to its current location at 251 Dundas Street.