A Driving Force Timeline
Eveline Marie Alexander (1821-1906)1821
Lady Eveline Marie Alexander, artist, b.1821, Nantes, France (d.1906 Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England).
Clémence van den Broeck (1843-1922)1843
Clémence van den Broeck, artist, b. 1843, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, Belgium (d.1922, Ukkel, Belguim).
Mildred Peel (1856-1920)1856
Mildred Peel, artist, b.1856, London, Ontario (d.1920, Santa Barbara, California).
Mary Ella Dignam (1857-1938)1857
Mary Ella Dignam, artist, b.1857, Port Burwell, Ontario (d.1938, Toronto, Ontario).
Caroline Farncomb (1859-1951)1859
Caroline Farncomb, artist, b.1859, Newcastle, Ontario (d.1951, London, Ontario).
Florence Carlyle (1864-1923)1864
Florence Carlyle, artist, b.1864, Galt, Ontario (d.1923, Crowborough, Sussex, England).
Grace Blackburn (1865-1928)1865
Victoria Grace Blackburn, art supporter, journalist, writer, and educator, b.1865, Quebec (d.1928, London, Ontario).
CANADA: Dr. Emily Stowe, The First Woman to Practice Medicine in Canada1867
After earning her degree from the New York Medical College for Women, Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman to practice medicine in Canada. She receives her medical license in 1880.
Wilhelmina McIntosh (1871-1940)1871
Wilhelmina Morris McIntosh, art supporter and collector, b. circa 1871, Euphemia Township, Lambton County (d.1940, London, Ontario).
Eva Bradshaw (1871-1938)1871
Eva Bradshaw, artist and educator, b.1871, London, Ontario (d.1938, London, Ontario).
The Ontario Society of Artists is Formed1872
CANADA: Esther Westmacott, the First Female Artist to Become a Member of the Ontario Society of Artists1874
Esther Westmacott is the first female artist to become a member of the Ontario Society of Artists.
CANADA: Dr. Jennie Trout, The First Canadian Woman to Become a Licensed Physician1875
Dr. Jennie Trout (1841-1921) graduates from the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. After passing the registration exam in Ontario that same year, she becomes the first female licensed physician in Canada.
Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934)1878
Elsie Perrin Williams, b.1878, London, Ontario (d.1934, London, Ontario).
CANADA: The Founding of the University of Western Ontario (Western University)1878
Western University was founded as the Western University of London Ontario in 1878, and was renamed the University of Western Ontario in 1923. In 2012, the university became known as “Western University,” although its legal name is still “The University of Western Ontario.”
CANADA: Charlotte Schreiber, the First Female Artist to be Elected an Academician of the Royal Academy (RCA)1880
Charlotte Schreiber (1834-1922), a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, is the first female artist to be elected to academician status (RCA). It would be over 50 years until the next woman, Marion Long (1882-1970), reached the same level in 1933.
CANADA: The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts is Formed1880
The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, one of Canada’s most respected art associations, is formed. The academy had two levels of membership, Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (ACRA) and Royal Canadian Academician (RCA). Each level was reached by election.
CANADA: Frances Jones Bannerman, the First Female Artist to be Elected an Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (ARCA)1882
Frances Bannerman (1855-1940) becomes the first female artist elected an associate member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (ACRA). She would not reach the level of academician (RCA). Bannerman was also the first woman elected to the academy in any capacity after founding member Charlotte Schreiber.
Euphemia Woolverton (1882-1959)1882
Euphemia “Effie” Woolverton, artist, b.1882, London, Ontario (d.1959, London, Ontario).
CANADA: Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen, The First Woman to Receive a Medical Degree from a Canadian University1883
Dr. Augusta Stowe-Gullen (the daughter of Dr. Emily Stowe) becomes the first woman to receive a medical degree from a Canadian university when she graduates from the Toronto School of Medicine, Victoria College.
Mary Healey (1885-1923)1885
Mary Healey, artist, b.1885, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England (d.1923, London, Ontario).
Kate Taylor Cumming (1889-1971)1889
Kate Taylor Cumming, artist, b.1889, Ingersoll, Ontario (d.1971, London, Ontario).
Dorothy (Betts) Seely-Smith (1890-1961)1890
Dorothy (Betts) Seely-Smith, artist, b.1890, London, Ontario (d.1961, Victoria, British Columbia).
CANADA: Mary Ella Dignam Establishes the Women's Art Club (Toronto)1890
Mary Ella Dignam formally establishes the Women’s Art Club (of Toronto). The club developed from a smaller group formed in 1886. It would become the Women’s Art Association of Canada in 1892.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The Women's Art Club of London is Formed1892
The Women’s Art Club of London was founded in 1892 or 1893. The club was a branch of the Woman’s Art Association of Canada (WAAC) from 1894 to 1896, when it became a separate organization known as the WAC of London. The WAC was active until World War One.
CANADA: The Women's Art Club becomes the Women’s Art Association of Canada1892
The Women’s Art Club (of Toronto), founded by Mary Ella Dignam in 1890, is incorporated under its new name, the Women’s Art Association of Canada (WAAC).
Dorothy Emery (1894?-1988)1894
Dorothy Emery, artist and educator, (b.1894?, d.1988, London, Ontario).
WORLD: Mary Ella Dignam Organizes an International Exhibition of Women's Art1900
Mary Ella Dignam was among the coordinators of the first significant exhibition of the Women International Art Club (WIAC). Two hundred and thirty-five (235) works, all by women artists, were showcased.
CANADA: Emma Sophia Baker, The First Woman to Earn a Ph.D at a Canadian University1903
Psychologist Emma Sophia Baker (1856-1943) graduates from the University of Toronto with a Ph.D in Philosophy, becoming the first woman to earn a Ph.D. from a Canadian University, and the first person to receive a Ph.D in Philosophy from the University of Toronto.
Lenore Crawford (1909-1983)1909
Lenore Crawford, art critic, b. 909, London, Ontario (d. 1983, London, Ontario).
Silvia Clarke (1911-1994)1911
Silvia Clarke, artist, b.1911, Cavendish, Suffolk, England (d.1994, London, Ontario).
LONDON, ONTARIO: London's First Art Gallery1912
London, Ontario’s first art gallery opens in September 1912 in Queen’s Park. This gallery only operated in the summer months due to a lack of heating.
Josephine Wilcox (1913-2010)1913
Josephine Wilcox, artist, b,1913, Strathroy?, Ontario (d.2010, London, Ontario).
Marjorie Blackburn (1913-1993)1913
Marjorie Blackburn, art supporter, b.1913, Strathroy, Ontario (d.1993 London, Ontario).
Flora Douglas ('Dougie') Betts (1914-2008)1914
Flora Douglas (“Dougie”) Betts, artist and educator, b.1914, Belleville, Ontario (d.2008).
Irene Dewdney (1914-1999)1914
Irene Dewdey, art supporter and art therapist, b.1914, Medicine Hat, Alberta (d.1999, London, Ontario)
WORLD: World War One Begins1914
World War One (1914-1918) begins.
Doris Murray (1916-1984)1916
Doris Murray, artist, b.1916, Princeton, New Jersey (d.1984, London, Ontario).
Kathleen Hart (1916-2012)1916
Kathleen Hart Ellis, artist, b.1916, Byron, Ontario (d.2012, Strathroy, Ontario).
WORLD: World War One Ends1918
World War One (1914-1918) ends.
Daisy Bailey (1921-1972)1921
Daisy Bailey, artist and educator, b.1921, Toronto, Ontario (d.1972, London, Ontario?).
Charlotte Brainerd (1921-1995)1921
Charlotte Brainerd, artist, b.1921, Rice Lake, Wisconsin (d.1995, Victoria, British Columbia).
Barbara Jackson (1922-2011)1922
Barbara Jackson, artist, b.1922, London, Ontario (d.2011, Toronto, Ontario).
Anne Marsh Evans (1923-2015)1923
Anne Marsh Evans, artist, b.1923, Nottingham, England (d.2015, Meaford, Ontario).
Doreen Curry (1924-2017)1924
Doreen Curry, art supporter, collector, and donor, b.1924, Orangeville, Ontario, (d.2017, London, Ontario)
Shirley Brickenden (1924-2018)1924
Shirley Brickenden, artist, b.1924, Montreal, Quebec (d.2018, Toronto, Ontario).
Beryl Ivey (1924-2007)1924
Beryl Ivey, art supporter and donor, b.1924, Chatham, Ontario (d.2007, Toronto, Ontario).
Sigrid Lochner (1925-2015)1925
Sigrid Lochner, artist, b.1925, Dresden, Germany
(d.2015, London, Ontario).
Rae Davis (1927-2006)1927
Rae Davis, artist, b.1927, Plainfield, New Jersey (d.2006, Toronto, Ontario).
Anna P. Baker (1928-1985)1928
Anna P. Baker, artist, b.1928, London, Ontario (d.1985, Kingston, Ontario).
Paddy Gunn O'Brien (1929-2012)1929
Paddy (Patricia) Gunn O’Brien, artist, b. 1929, Carshalton, England (d.2012, London, Ontario).
Margot Ariss (1929-2013)1929
Margot Ariss, artist, b.1929, Belleville, Ontario (d.2013 London, Ontario).
Nancy Geddes Poole (b.1930)1930
Nancy Geddes Poole, art supporter, art dealer, gallery administrator, volunteer, and donor, b.1930, London, Ontario.
Eve Apostoll (1931-1995)1931
Eve Apostoll, artist and educator, b.1931, Detroit, Michigan (d.1995, London, Ontario).
CANADA: Marion Long, the Second Female Artist to be Elected an Academician of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA)1933
Marion Long (1882-1970) becomes the second female artist elected an academician of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA). She had been elected an associate member (ACRA) in 1922.
Sue Boone (b.1934)1934
Sue Boone, artist, b.1934, London, Ontario.
Gillian Saward (1934-1983)1934
Gillian Saward, artist, b.1934, Maidstone, England (d.1983, Toronto, Ontario).
Bernice Vincent (1934-2016)1934
Bernice Vincent, artist, b.1934, Woodstock, Ontario (d.2016, London, Ontario).
Doreen Lindsay (b.1934)1934
Doreen Lindsay, artist, educator, and curator, b.1934, Tillsonburg, Ontario.
WORLD: World War Two Begins1939
World War Two (1939-1945) begins.
LONDON, ONTARIO: London First Permanent Art Gallery1940
Built using funds from a bequest by Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934), the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum (the old Central Library at 305 Queen’s Avenue) opens. The building was London, Ontario’s first permanent art gallery space.
Elsie P. Williams: London Library and Art Gallery1940
Funds from a bequest by Elsie Perrin Williams (1878-1934) are used to build the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum (The old Central Library at 305 Queen’s Avenue), London, Ontario’s first permanent art gallery.
Bonnie Parkinson (b.1941)1941
Bonnie Parkinson, artist, fashion artist, and educator, b. 1941, London, Ontario.
Thelma Rosner (b.1941)1941
Thelma Rosner, artist and educator, b.1941, Toronto, Ontario.
Madeline Lennon (b.1942)1942
Madeline Lennon, art supporter, educator, author, and curator, b.1942, New York, New York.
LONDON, ONTARIO: McIntosh Gallery Opens1942
The McIntosh Gallery was the first art gallery to be established in a Canadian university. The building was officially opened on June 26, 1942 with a display of 31 paintings by Canadian war artists from the collection of the National Gallery of Canada. The gallery was built with a substantial bequest from the Estate of Wilhelmina Morris McIntosh in the memory of her husband, J. Gordon McIntosh. a former Winnipeg businessman.
Flora Tripp (1943-2015)1943
Flora Tripp, art supporter, collector, and donor, b.1943, Ottawa, Ontario (d.2015, London, Ontario).
Johnnene Maddison (b.1943)1943
Johnnene Maddison, artist, educator, and curator, b.1943, Detroit, Michigan.
Agneta Dolman (b.1944)1944
Agneta Dolman, artist and educator, b.1944, Stockholm, Sweden.
WORLD: World War Two Ends1945
World War Two (1939-1945) ends.
Brenda MacEachern (1948-2012)1948
Brenda MacEachern, art supporter and visual resources curator, b.1948, Toronto, Ontario (d.2012, London, Ontario).
Jamelie Hassan (b.1948)1948
Jamelie Hassan, artist, b.1948, London, Ontario.
Janice Andreae (b.1949)1949
Janice Andreae, artist, writer, and art critic, b.1949, Guelph, Ontario.
kerry ferris (1949-2016)1949
kerry ferris, artist, b.1949, London, Ontario (d.2016, London, Ontario).
Margaret Rossiter (b.1949)1949
Margaret Rossiter, artist, b.1949. London, Ontario.
Catherine Morrisey (b.1949)1949
Catherine Morrisey, artist, b.1949, Brampton, Ontario.
Wanda Sawicki (b.1951)1951
Wanda Sawicki, artist, writer, and art therapist, b.1951, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Colette Urban (1952-2013)1952
Colette Urban, artist, b.1952, Denver, Colorado (d.2013, McIvers, Newfoundland).
Sophie Skaith (b.1952)1952
Sophie Skaith, art supporter, b.1952, Toronto, Ontario.
Rosemary Sloot (b.1952)1952
Rosemary Sloot, artist, b.1952, Simcoe, Ontario.
Fern Helfand (b.1952)1952
Fern Helfand, artist, b.1952, Toronto, Ontario.
Lynn Donoghue (1953-2003)1953
Lynn Donoghue, artist, b.1953, Red Lake, Ontario (d.2003, Toronto, Ontario).
Kirtley Jarvis (b.1953)1953
Kirtley Jarvis, artist, b.1953, Balmertown, Ontario.
Shelley Niro (b.1954)1954
Shelley Niro, artist, b.1954, Niagara Falls, New York.
dlmorrow (Diane Lynn Morrow), artist, b.1956, Toronto, Ontario.
Josy Britton (b.1956)1956
Josy Britton, artist, b.1956.
Jan Shepherd McKee (b.1956)1956
Jan Shepherd McKee, artist, b.1956.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Art Gallery Establishes a Women's Committee
Sara Hartland-Rowe (b.1958)1958
Sara Hartland-Rowe, artist, b.1958.
Donna Andreychuk (b.1959)1959
Donna Andreychuk, artist, b.1959, Kenilworth, Ontario.
Kelly Greene (b.1962)1962
Kelly Greene, artist, b.1962, Buffalo, New York.
Kelly Wood (b.1962)1962
Kelly Wood, artist and educator, b.1962 Toronto, Ontario.
Tracy Root (b.1964)1964
Tracy Root, artist, b.1964, Shropshire, England.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The 20/20 Gallery Opens1966
The 20/20 Gallery, a privately run, not-for-profit art gallery in London, Ontario opens. The founding members were Greg Curnoe, Jack Chambers, George Cole, John Davis, Rae Davis, Murray Favro, Hugh MacPherson, Geoffery Rans, Goldie Rans, Gerald Trottier, and Dr. Ross Woodman. The gallery, which exhibited art of many disciplines, including paintings, theatre, poetry, dance, film, and music, operated until 1970.
CANADA: Jean Sutherland Boggs, The First Female Director of a National Art Gallery1966
Jean Sutherland Boggs (1922-2014) is named Director of the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, and becomes the first woman globally to achieve such a position.
Melanie Townsend (1968-2018)1968
Melanie Townsend, curator, b.1968, Windsor, Ontario (d.2018, London, Ontario).
Anna P. Baker: Western University's Alumni Association Holds Its First Solo Art Exhibition1968
Anna P. Baker’s work is showcased in the Western University Alumni Association’s first art exhibition to focus on a single artist.
Jill Price (b.1969)1969
Jill Price, artist, curator, and educator, b. 1969, Toronto, Ontario.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The 20/20 Gallery Closes1970
London’s 20/20 Gallery, which opened in 1966, closes.
CANADA: Joyce Wieland, The National Gallery of Canada Holds its First Solo Art Exhibition of Work by a Living Female Canadian Artist1971
Joyce Wieland’s (1931-1998) 1971 exhibition is the first solo exhibition featuring the work of a living female Canadian artist to be held at the National Gallery of Canada.
Ko Bhamra (b.1972)1972
Ko Bhamra, artist, b.1972, Punjab, India.
LONDON, ONTARIO: London Holds its First Exhibition to Feature Only Work by Women Artists1975
In recognition of International Women’s Year (as 1975 was declared by the United Nations), London, Ontario holds an exhibition in the City Centre featuring only the work of women artists. Eighteen (18) local artists were represented: Margot Ariss, Bonnie Bauman, Beckie Burke, Sylvia Christie, Raimonde Demopoulos, Lynn Donaghue, Guérite Fera, kerry ferris, Jamelie Hassan, Dorene Inglis, Connie Jefferess, Jeanine Lodge, Verne Lougheed. Diane Robinson, Vivian L. Sturdee, Bernice Vincent, Carole Wright, and Marcia Ruiz Wilson.
Kim Neudorf (b.1977)1977
Kim Neudorf, artist, b.1977, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
LONDON, ONTARIO: London Regional Art Gallery is Established1980
London’s art gallery shifts from its original location at the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Building (the old Central Library) to a new location at the Forks of the Thames River (421 Ridout Street North), and becomes known as the London Regional Art Gallery (LRAG).
Gillian Saward: McIntosh Gallery Creates the Gillian Saward Memorial Fund1985
McIntosh Gallery creates the Gillian Saward Memorial Fund, following the bestowal by the Saward family of a selection of artwork by Gillian Saward (1934-1983) along with related materials, including correspondence and journals, to the gallery.
Angie Quick (b.1989)1989
Angie Quick, artist, b. 1989.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Regional Art and Historical Museums1989
The London Public Library’s museum division and the London Regional Art Gallery combine, forming the London Regional Art and Historical Museums (LRAHM).
LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Regional Art Gallery and Historical Museums becomes Museum London2001
The London Regional Art and Historical Museums (LRAHM) changes its name to Museum London.
LONDON, ONTARIO: The London Central Library moves from the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Building2002
The Central branch of the London Public Library relocates from the Elsie Perrin Williams Memorial Art Gallery and Museum building to its current location at 251 Dundas Street.